South Eastern European Journal of Public Health (SEEJPH) 2020-10-20T13:07:01+00:00 Prof. Genc Burazeri PhD Open Journal Systems <p>The South Eastern European Journal of Public Health (SEEJPH) is an open-access international peer-reviewed journal involving all areas of health sciences and public health. Devoted to the global health SEEJPH welcomes submissions of scientists, researchers, and practitioners from all over the world, but particularly pertinent to southern and eastern countries in transition.</p> Can Russia’s high mortality return until 2030 to trajectory of the 1980-ies and reach the SDGs evenly across the country? 2020-09-29T17:43:49+00:00 Valery Chernyavskiy Helmut Wenzel Julia Mikhailova Alla Ivanova Elena Zemlyanova Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic Alexander Mikhailov Ulrich Laaser <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study reviews the ability of the Russian Federation to reduce the high mortality until 2030 evenly across the country and in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>We adopted the method suggested by Haenszel for estimating Premature Years of Life Lost for the age group &lt;70 years and applied a projected reduction of 33% by 2030 as proposed for SDG 3.4. To calculate the potential time gap we used the model of the United Nations Development Programme and standardized the rates by the OECD 1980 Standard Population employing the direct method.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>If Russia keeps the present level of effort the reduction by one third of the level of premature mortality as in 2013 will be in reach already in 2024 i.e. 5.9 years in advance of the SDG 3 target for 2030. This target is achieved quite evenly also throughout the 8 districts of the Russian Federation between 10.6 and 5.0 years in advance and in selected special districts/republics with the highest and lowest mortality rates.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>After the steep decrease of life expectancy during the 1990ies the Russian Federation returned to the original trajectory.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>gap analysis, premature mortality, public health, Russian Federation, SDG.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conflicts of interest: </strong>None declared.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Statement of Funding: </strong>None declared.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Note: </strong>This article by Valery Chernyavskiy, Helmut Wenzel, Julia Mikhailova, Alla Ivanova, Elena Zemlyanova, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Alexander Mikhailov, Ulrich Laaser: Can Russia’s high mortality return until 2030 to trajectory of the 1980-ies and reach the SDGs evenly across the country? will be published also in the Russian journal Social aspects of population health with permission of authors and editorial staff of the South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, translation of the article into Russian by V.E. Chernyavsky&nbsp; and&nbsp; E.V. Zemlyanova. The title of the article, the names of the authors, affiliations, and abstract in Russian fully correspond to the original. </p> 2020-09-21T08:01:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Valery Chernyavskiy, Helmut Wenzel, Julia Mikhailova, Alla Ivanova, Elena zemlyanova, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Alexander Mikhailov, Ulrich Laaser Professionalization of Public Health – an exploratory case study 2020-10-20T13:07:01+00:00 Hilke Mansholt Katarzyna Czabanowska Robert Otok Jascha de Nooijer <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Public health is continuously challenged by a shortage of workforce. There are various reasons for this: 1) public health is less visible than traditional health professions and people may be unfamiliar with the nature and opportunities involved in entering this career field; 2) lack of official recognition of public health as a professional category; and 3) no umbrella organization that supports its members and governs professional standards as is the case of other more established professions. To adequately address the challenges of public health for the 21<sup>st</sup> century, a key policy element will need to focus on adequately cultivating, training and growing the future workforce of professionals in the field. The aim of this study was to examine why professionalization of public health in Europe is not as robust as it deserves to be and what steps can be taken to assure an adequate supply of professionals with the proper education and training background, and career guidance to tackle the public health needs of the future.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> A case study approach was used collecting data via a scoping literature review, a focus group with public health students and interviews with public health experts for convergence. Data was analysed using directed content analysis and pattern matching logic.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Public health fulfilled five out of seven attributes of a profession, such as skills, training and education, certification and an altruistic service. Recognition of Public Health as multidisciplinary and multi-professional field, derived from the interviews as an additional characteristic. A code of ethics and professional conduct and a formal organization were missing.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Public health professionals and organisations that govern best practices in this field should consider introducing a shared code of ethics and professional conduct as well as establishing a coordinated body to help advance the public status as a the profession to increase interest in studying and specializing in this area.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong>Conflicts of interest: </strong>None declared.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 2020-09-28T18:50:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hilke Mansholt, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Robert Otok, Jascha de Nooijer