Methods Of Physical Exercise As A Way To Optimize The Physical Condition Of Football Players: A Systematic Review
Objective: Investigating the training methods used to optimize the physical condition of football players and describing the results of each study.
Methods: This is a systematic review of published research. Articles published between 2015 and 2021 describing training methods to improve the physical condition of football players were reviewed. Electronic searches were conducted via Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed. All articles presenting methods of physical exercise to improve physical condition performance were included.
Results: There were 41 articles that used training methods to improve the physical condition of football players. From these articles, they are grouped according to the physical condition that is assessed and which is improved. Some of the training methods that can be used include neuromuscular, unilateral and bilateral, ballistic, plyometric, combined weight & plyometric, mixed training with optimum load, complex COD & plyometric, strength, combined strength, eccentric, repeated-sprint, resisted/unresisted sprint, resistance, elastic band, core, combine core & small-sided games, aerobic interval training, blood flow restriction aerobic interval training, intermittent, anaerobic speed endurance, high-intensity interval training, high-intensity interval training & small-sided games, tabata sprint, very-heavy sled, pilates, and functional.
Conclusion: After a systematic review, several training programs were found to improve the physical condition of football players such as strength, aerobic and anaerobic endurance, muscle power, speed and acceleration, flexibility, agility, and balance.
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