Respiratory symptoms among urban traffic policemen in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study
Keywords:Bangladesh, epidemiology, occupational and environmental health, respiratory symptoms, traffic police
Aim: There is accumulating evidence that roadside pollution is detrimental to health. This study aims to compare the risk of adverse respiratory symptoms in different categories of traffic police including traffic constables, sergeants, and inspectors working in the polluted environment.
Methods: The study population consisted of 369 randomly selected traffic police personnel from the city of Chittagong in Bangladesh. Information on their occupation and respiratory health symptoms were collected. The health outcomes were coughing, coughing sputum, coughing up blood, shortness of breathing, wheezing, and chest pain with deep breathing.
Results: The risk of coughing [adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 4.469, 95% CI=1.265-15.793], coughing sputum [AOR= 3.687, 95% CI= 1.004 -13.540], coughing up blood [AOR=1.040, 95% CI=0.227-6.162], shortness of breathing [AOR=3.937, 95% CI=1.069-14.500], wheezing [AOR= 2.464, 95% CI= 0.613-9.906] and chest pain with deep breathing [AOR=2.163,95% CI= 0.560-8.349] was higher in traffic constables on comparison to inspectors. In sergeants odds increased for coughing up blood [AOR=1.102, 95% CI= 0.283-4.286] and wheezing [AOR=1.260, 95% CI= 0.304-5.229].
Conclusion: There was a substantial difference in the risk of studied respiratory symptoms between different categories of traffic police jobs.
Conflicts of interest: None declared.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Parvez Ahmed, Mahim Eaty, Nazmul Alam, Leela Anthony, Nawzia Yasmin
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